My brother has a pond on his place, stocked with brim then bass about 6 months later (if stocked in reverse, you’re just feeding the bass). He also has cattle and says he wished he’d kept the cows out of the pond to begin with – polluted the water with cowpies (and tore up the banks with their weight/hooves) – now he keeps a stock tank (galvanized) full with fresh water.
My sister and BIL have a place (north central TX, think rocky) where there are 2 different ponds with the top one feeding the bottom one. The top one is over 20′ deep and always has water in it, even during a drought (possible spring fed, they’re not sure). They draw water and run it through a Berkey for their household water needs.
“The Pond Guidebook” by Jim Ochterski, Bryan Swistock, Clifford Kraft and Rebecca Schneider. NRAES-178. Cornell plant and life sciences publishing. Probably available from your Extension Agent or MidWest Plan Service for less than Cornell
There’s different types of ponds depending on construction, use and flow. Most ponds have issue with Containment (Dam break is a big deal, drying into a stinking mudpit half the year is as well ), Sediment, Stagnation, Liability (Really, REALLY sucks when there’s a dead woman floating in your pond.) Weeds
We have a bunch of irrigation ponds. Not for looking pretty or swimming, boating. They’re attractive to way too many people who like to fish, party.